Brass Instruments

The Best Euphonium

If you’re serious about playing music, you’ll eventually need to invest in a fully compensating euphonium to ensure you get a rich, even intonation throughout the instrument’s range.

Even a student-level player should spend a little extra money to get a compensating horn since it not only makes the euphonium more in tune, but it also prevents you from having to learn two sets of fingerings.

The non-compensating euphonium will require you to use special fingerings in the lower register to play in tune, and the euphonium still will require some manual embouchure adjustments in the lowest range of the instrument.

The color and materials of the plating on your instrument also plays a role in how well the instrument plays. A gold-colored instrument will sound brassier, a silver-plated instrument sounds mellower and a brass-plated instrument will have a sharp sound similar to a trombone.

Top Pick: Willson 2950S Series Compensating Euphonium

European shank gives you a bit more flexibility and control, quick-action makes it easier for you to rip through any passage, beginners will have an easier time developing finger strength, and this durable instrument will give you years of use.

Why You Should Trust Us

I’ve performed professionally with some of the nation’s top bands, and I have a Master’s in Music Composition from a top-tier university. Throughout my college education, I have performed on the euphonium in several high-profile situations.

I’ve taken a tour of Japan where I performed solos on the euphonium with a wind symphony, and I’ve been requested to play with the President’s Own Navy Band. All of this experience has put me in touch with some of the best euphonium players in the world, including Mark Jenkins  and Brian Bowman.

In fact, I performed in All-State Band and as a second chair euphonium player to Mark Jenkins all four years of high school. I also performed in a western regional band that included Arizona and Nevada. The bottom line, I know euphoniums and I know what the professionals play and recommend.

Choosing the Right Euphonium

There is a lot of misinformation out there on the Internet about the best euphonium to purchase for your needs. I’m here to point you in the right direction and give you some advice for your next or first euphonium purchase.

Compensating Euphoniums

When I first started out, I went to the local music store to buy a new euphonium. The euphonium I had ordered was supposed to be a compensating euphonium, I didn’t much know what that meant at the time but I knew it was important.

When I went to pick up the instrument, I was offered a discount to take the incorrect instrument. I caved and purchased the non-compensating euphonium, and it was the absolute worst decision I made in regards to my performing career.

My point is that you must get a compensating euphonium, it will allow you to perform on a professional level with proper intonation. It also makes it possible to perform the full range of the instrument.

A non-compensating euphonium will not be able to play as low and play every note in the lower range. If you follow no other advice, get a compensating euphonium.

Baritone or Euphonium

There is a distinction between the euphonium and the baritone, and it goes beyond the fact that the baritone doesn’t have four valves. The baritone is really a different instrument from the euphonium.

But since the instrument plays in the same range as the euphonium, some bands will use a baritone in place of a euphonium in their band. The problem is that the sound is different.

A baritone solo will have a much more narrowly-defined sound that is similar to the sound you might expect from a trumpet or trombone. The euphonium is fuller and softer, and it will sound more like a French horn that has been stripped of any of its edge.

There is an old joke with euphonium players in that you can play only one articulation — legato. This is somewhat true, but it’s also why the euphonium has such a pleasing and melodious sound.

The main difference is that a baritone has a smaller bore and the bell is tapered similar to a cornet. The euphonium has a larger bore that is tapered similar to a flugelhorn. A euphonium also has a continuous taper while the baritone tends to curve at the bell for a more directed sound.

Bell Size Matters

The size of the bell matters quite a bit when choosing a euphonium. You can purchase a small bore that uses a European-style shank or a large bore euphonium that uses a larger shank. There are pros and cons to both.

If you want a large euphonium sound that will require more air and control, the large-bore euphonium may be a good fit for you. If you’re a smaller player, then a larger euphonium may be more difficult for you to play.

It’s also important to be honest about how you play. Don’t fall for the machismo associated with the larger instruments, make sure you pick one that matches your size and ability.

If you have very narrowly defined lips, a small-bore euphonium may make more sense. The larger instruments may cause you to tire more quickly. The best way to find out what instrument you should get is to play each instrument for a week or so.

Large music companies like West Music will allow you to do this. You can also go to your local music store to try out an instrument before going online.

If you’re insistent upon testing your instrument before you get a euphonium, then you can simply try the different sized mouthpieces. See which one is easier for you to play with. Try a large shank mouthpiece and a European shank mouthpiece.

See which one is easier for you to perform with. The smaller mouthpiece will likely make it easier for you to be more flexible on the euphonium, but that doesn’t mean you can’t learn to play on a large shank mouthpiece.

The smaller shank mouthpieces provide more resistance, which can help you to slur between notes more easily.

The larger shank mouthpieces put more of the focus on the strength of your embouchure, but I personally feel they provide a better sound even though they can make an instrument more difficult to perform on.

Instrument Plating

The color of the instrument plating on higher-quality euphoniums should be either gold or silver. Besson makes some of the best-sounding instruments available on the market.

However, the instruments also tend to have intonation issues. For this reason, I tend to avoid recommending a Besson instrument to a beginning student.

The plating is important since it will affect the overall sound of your instrument. The gold-plated euphonium will sound more brassy and comes closer in sound to what a trombone sounds like. The silver-plated euphoniums will have a more mellow sound that is more typical of your idiomatic euphonium sound.

Valve Setup

You’ll find there are two main types of setups when it comes to the placement of valves. The professional and traditional setup uses a setup with three valves at the top of the horn and one valve on the side.

No matter what horn you choose, you should aim for this setup to develop good dexterity and coordination between the left and right hand. Forcing a student to switch as they become more advanced will create a lag in performance ability.

The inline four-valve setup should be avoided, and it is most commonly found on student level horns. When possible, opt for an inferior quality horn that uses a traditional setup.

While a student can always upgrade as finances improve, the technical ability and coordination that comes from using the left hand to support the instrument and activate the fourth valve is best learned early on.

Plastic Euphoniums

A plastic euphonium is only suitable for a small child who can’t be trusted with a real instrument. These plastic euphoniums don’t provide the right sound, but many of them do use steel valve casings.

This makes the instrument suitable for a child, and the valve action may remain very similar to what you might expect to receive from a brass-based horn.

They are also extremely affordable, so owning one of these instruments may fun to keep around for the professional player who wants a robust instrument that can be kicked around a bit.

Notable Brands

There are a few key brands that you should aim to avoid when choosing an instrument. The three top brands include Hirsbrunner, Willson and Besson.

The Hirsbrunner brand is widely considered the best manufacturer of euphoniums, but they only complete small runs of euphoniums. Most of their euphonium-building operation has been sold to Adams. Due to the difficulty of finding a Hirsbrunner euphonium, this brand is not listed as the recommended choice.

Some brands to avoid include Conn, Jupiter, Tiger and any instruments that are sold as convertible, multi-use or intended for marching. These instruments are not well-suited to concert band performances.

Look instead for a true euphonium that is designed by one of the more reputable, well-known instrument makers.

The Competition

After hours of testing and research, here's the final competition.

InstrumentRatingCurrent Pricing
Willson 2900
Able to slur more effectively and play more smoothlyOut of stock
Besson Sovereign Compensating
Enable you to enjoy a high-quality instrument while saving some money at the same timeOut of stock
Besson BE2052 Prestige Series
Performs with exceptional clarityOut of stock
Besson Sovereign Series
Perfect for use in all manner of orchestras, wind ensembles, bands and quartetsOut of stock
Adams E2 Selected Series
Offers a rich and clean range throughout the registers
Yamaha YEP-642II Neo Series
Has a wide bell to give it a wide and expansive sound$6,574.99
Meinl Weston 451 Series
Perfect for those who are looking for a mid-range euphonium with a sound that is rich, mellow and fullOut of stock
Jupiter Compensating Series
This particular horn performs relatively well, plays with good intonation and will serve as an excellent student horn
Schiller Compensating Euphonium
An excellent starter horn for a serious high school studentCheck on Amazon

Our Recommendation: Willson 2900

Based on all of the factors above, and real-world playability, the best euphonium for the serious or amateur player is the Willson 2900. This euphonium has it all. It is a compensating euphonium that will make it easy for you to play in tune.

The valves are short and responsive, which makes it the ideal instrument to play fast moving lines, and beginners will have an easier time developing the finger strength necessary to play quickly. The quick-action also makes it easier for you to rip through any passage.

The instrument only comes in a silver-plating, which is the ideal sound for a true euphonium. While the brass euphoniums do have a nice sound, when you’re looking for a euphonium, you want that characteristic euphonium sound that only comes from a silver-plated instrument.

If you decide to buy a second horn in the future, you can go ahead and get one of the Besson gold-plated models. If you can only buy one instrument, this is the instrument to save up and purchase. It will provide you with years of use, and the world’s top players swear by this horn.

This euphonium uses the European shank, which gives you a bit more flexibility and control. You’ll be able to slur more effectively and play more smoothly. You’ll also get a more focused sound with a European shank. Try out several mouthpieces until you find one that works well for you.

It should be noted that the large shank model is also an exceptional instrument. The only reason to choose this model is if you have a very large lung capacity or if you are doubling between the bass trombone or tuba and euphonium.

A larger model will make it easier to switch back and forth between multiple instruments. However, for the dedicated euphonium player, the European shank is the best option available on the market.

This instrument is also a true euphonium. It has the perfect-sized bell for all your needs, and you’ll be able to cover a band if you need to with its outstanding sound. For those who need a powerful, reliable and professional euphonium, you can’t go wrong with the Willson 2900S.

Runner Up: Besson Sovereign Compensating

A slightly more affordable option that doesn’t play quite as well as the Willson is the Besson Sovereign Compensating model. This model is silver, and it contains all the features you need to maintain a high level of competitiveness.

It is also about $1,000 to $1,500 cheaper than the Willson. However, the Besson models do tend to have an issue with their intonation. The trade-off is that many professionals swear by the majestic Besson sound.

If you’re not concerned with intonation and you’re willing to fight the instrument a bit, the Besson could save you some money and give you a unique sound.

On all other fronts, the Besson is a comparable and suitable choice for the amateur. One thing to note is that the Besson does have non-compensating models if you want to save a significant amount of cash. If that’s the case, you could by a Besson non-compensating model for a third of the price.

When you have more money, you can always jump up to the compensating model. This will enable you to enjoy a high-quality instrument while saving some money at the same time.

One thing to note, if you do choose a non-compensating model, you have to use alternate fingerings in the lower range when you activate the fourth valve. This is because the fingerings used for a compensating horn won’t produce the same pitches on a non-compensating instrument.

A competent player will find this a suitable professional level horn, and it should be perfect for use in all manner of orchestras, wind ensembles, bands and quartets.

It’s ideal for the professional player who wants to save $1,000 on the cost of a new euphonium.

Other Products to Consider:

Besson BE2052 Prestige Series

This euphonium is an exceptional option for performers who want a unique sound, but still want a euphonium that performs with exceptional clarity. This euphonium has a professional response and the quick action of the keys will be appreciated by the most devoted player.

Unlike some of the lower line versions of the Besson brand, this one doesn’t suffer from most of the intonation issues of the student models. If you’re a professional looking for something unique, this euphonium stands out with the gold-plated braces and valve caps.

It’s a compensating euphonium, so you’ll be able to play the extended low range in tune as well. Additionally, the fourth valve is positioned on the side of the euphonium to give you that extra edge when playing fast passages.

Adams E2 Selected Series

Adams took over production of the much-coveted Hirsbrunner brand euphonium. While they lack some of the industry clout, the manufacturer makes exceptional instruments.

You’ll be able to get a high-quality and professional-level euphonium for a couple thousand less than a Willson. This euphonium is fully compensating, and it offers a rich and clean range throughout the registers.

This instrument is heavier than most euphoniums on the market, which can give this euphonium a more solid and rich sound. If you’re a doubler on a tuba or bass trombone, this might be a good option to have in your collection.

For those who want a lighter instrument, consider securing the E1 euphonium. The bell is made of yellow brass and the plating is silver. This gives the euphonium an exceptional sound.

Additionally, the reinforced valve casings make this instrument feel more sturdy in your hands. Though, it may be more difficult to perform a standing solo with this euphonium as the weight is substantial.

Yamaha YEP-642II Neo Series

This euphonium offers a good compromise between performance and price. The mid-range price provides you with a fully compensating system so that you can perform the literature’s most complex music.

You’ll also enjoy the silver-plating that provides the performer with a traditional, characteristic euphonium sound. The instrument is designed using state-of-the-art Yamaha technology, and it has a wide bell to give it a wide and expansive sound.

It includes the case and a mouthpiece. The case is a hard case that will help to keep your euphonium protected throughout the year.

The only drawback to this euphonium is the stiffer valves. This instrument doesn’t feel as smooth or as fast as the Besson and Willson, but it performs well under a competent musician.

Meinl Weston 451 Series

This compensating euphonium is a good offering with excellent intonation and a stable response. It uses a large shank, but you’ll likely want to purchase your own mouthpiece.

The euphonium is perfect for those who are looking for a mid-range euphonium with a sound that is rich, mellow and full. This brand is well-known in the low brass world, and when it comes to euphoniums they are no exception.

It features heavy gold brass and a traditional valve setup with three valves on top and one valve on the side. This is the professional valve setup that you should look for in any professional or student model euphonium.

Jupiter Compensating Series

While Jupiter was not recommended early on in this article, if you have a choice between a compensating or non-compensating model to save money, you might want to consider going with the Jupiter compensating model.

You’ll get a decent quality horn, and you won’t have to learn a separate set of fingerings if you choose to upgrade to a compensating horn later on in your career.

This particular horn performs relatively well, plays with good intonation and will serve as an excellent student horn.

Schiller Compensating Euphonium

If you want a euphonium that offers a compensating system but you can’t stand to spend several thousand dollars on an instrument, the Schiller compensating euphonium may suit your needs.

It is fully compensating, plays well in tune and provides a deep rich sound. The instrument is sturdy, and the finish seems to stand up well to time.

This is an excellent starter horn for a serious high school student who wants to be able to compete with individuals who have more expensive horns. With this horn, the student will be able to achieve a clear sound, but the included mouthpiece should likely be replaced with a higher quality mouthpiece.

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